Did you know that there are in fact two distinct types of skin-aging? Skin-aging caused by internal factors determined by your genetic make-up and external factors such as exposure to UV light.

Your genes control how quickly the normal aging process unfolds. This is a continuous process and usually starts in the late 20s. Normal skin-aging is associated with a loss of collagen, slower rate of cellular renewal, and a reduced vascular and glandular function within the skin. The outer barrier function that maintains cellular hydration also becomes impaired. The subcutaneous fat tissue flattens, giving the distinct flat lips, sunken temples and increased facial shadowing found in the elderly. Other signs of natural aging are fine wrinkling, thinning of the skin, dryness and itchiness, grey hair, hair loss and brittle nails.

Among harmful external factors that contribute to premature skin-aging, are the long-term effects of repeated UV light exposure. This is referred to as photoaging. UV light activates a complex sequence of specific molecular responses that breaks down the skin’s collagen. Photoaging is especially evident in sun-exposed areas e.g. face and is characterized by coarse wrinkling, roughness, dryness, telangiectasias, loss of tensile strength and aging spots. There is also an increase risk to develop skin cancer e.g. malignant melanoma. Other external factors that prematurely age your skin are repetitive facial expressions, gravity, sleeping positions, excessive alcohol intake and cigarette smoking.

If you are concerned about the visible signs of skin-aging, a number of treatments are available. Botulinum toxin more>> and mesotherapy are suitable for healthy people on-the-go who doesn’t want the inconvenience of a long recovery. Radiofrequency more>> is a non-invasive procedure that offers an alternative to a traditional facelift. Intense Pulsed Light therapy more>>, chemical peeling more>>, microdermabrasion more>>, micro-needling more>>, dermablading more>> and some topical therapies can help to restore your skin, giving it a smoother and refreshed look.

Research in the field of anti-aging continues to give rise to new and promising treatments. An aesthetic medicine doctor or qualified skin therapist can help you sort through the numerous options available.