PLATELET RICH PLASMA INJECTIONS
 
Platelet Rich Plasma, also known as “PRP” or "Vampire Facelift" is an injection treatment whereby a person’s own blood is used. A fraction of blood (20cc‐50cc) is drawn up from the individual patient into a syringe. This is a relatively small amount compared to blood donation which removes 500cc. The blood is spun down in a special centrifuge (according to standard Harvest Techniques) to separate its components (Red Blood Cells, Platelet Rich Plasma, and Plasma). 

The platelet rich plasma is first separated then activated with a small amount of calcium to allow the release of growth factors from the platelets which in turn amplifies the healing process. PRP is then injected into the area to be treated. Platelets are very small cells in your blood that are involved in the clotting process. When PRP is injected into the damaged area it causes a mild inflammation that triggers the healing cascade. As the platelets organize in the clot they release a number of enzymes to promote healing and tissue responses including attracting stem cells to repair the damaged area.
 
As a result new collagen begins to develop. As the collagen matures it begins to shrink causing the tightening and strengthening of the damaged area. When treating injured or sun damaged tissue it can induce a remodelling of the tissue to a healthier and younger state. The full procedure takes approximately 45 minutes ‐ 1 hr. Generally 2‐3 treatments are advised, however, more may be indicated for some individuals. Results are generally visible at 4 weeks and continue to improve gradually over the next 3‐6 months with improvement in texture and tone. Touch up treatments may be done once a year after the initial group of treatments to boost and maintain the results. Results may last 12‐18 months.
 
PRP used for aesthetic procedures is safe for most individuals between the ages of 25‐80. There are very few contraindications; however, patients with the following conditions are not candidates: 1) Acute and Chronic Infections; 2) Skin diseases (i.e. SLE, porphyria, allergies); 3) Cancer and/or Chemotherapy; 4) Severe metabolic and systemic disorders; 5) Abnormal platelet function (i.e. Haemodynamic Instability, Critical Thrombocytopenia); 6) Chronic Liver Disease; 7) Anti‐coagulation therapy; 8) Underlying Sepsis; 9) Systemic use of corticosteroids within two weeks of the procedure; and 10) Pregnant or breastfeeding.
 
Side Effects of PRP injections are very rare, but may include: 1) Pain or itching at the injection site; 2) Bleeding, Bruising, Swelling and/or Infection; 3) Short lasting redness (flushing) of the skin; 4) Post-inflammatory pigmentation; 5) Allergic reaction to the calcium based solution; 6) Injury to a nerve and/or muscle tissue; 7) Nausea and Vomiting; 8) Dizziness or fainting; and 9) Temporary blood sugar increase.


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